Are Mushroom Grow Kits Legal in Canada?

Are Mushroom Grow Kits Legal in Canada?

Mushroom growing kits have become increasingly popular among enthusiasts looking to cultivate their own mushrooms at home. However, potential buyers often wonder about the legal status of these kits in Canada. The legality of mushroom grow kits in Canada can be understood by looking into the relevant Canadian laws and regulations.

Legal Framework for Mushroom Grow Kits

In Canada, the legality of mushroom grow kits depends largely on the type of mushrooms being cultivated. Most edible and medicinal mushrooms are perfectly legal to grow. This includes popular varieties like shiitake, oyster, and lion’s mane mushrooms. The sale and use of kits designed to grow these mushrooms are regulated under general agricultural and consumer protection laws.

Controlled Drugs and Substances Act

However, the situation is different when it comes to certain psychedelic mushrooms, which contain the psychoactive compound psilocybin. According to the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA), psilocybin and psilocin are classified as Schedule III substances. The Act explicitly states:

"No person shall seek or obtain a controlled substance included in Schedule III except as authorized by this Part."

This means that any mushroom grow kits intended to cultivate psilocybin mushrooms are illegal unless the individual has an appropriate license or exemption from Health Canada. The penalties for unauthorized possession, production, or distribution of psilocybin mushrooms can be severe, including fines and imprisonment.

Health Canada Regulations

Health Canada oversees the licensing and regulation of controlled substances, including psilocybin. While there have been recent developments and discussions about the potential medical use of psilocybin, it remains a controlled substance. Only certain medical professionals and research organizations may be granted special access to use or study psilocybin under strict regulations. More information can be found on the Health Canada website.

Edible and Medicinal Mushroom Kits

For those interested in cultivating legal edible and medicinal mushrooms, there are no specific federal restrictions. However, it is important to ensure that the mushroom grow kits are sourced from reputable suppliers who comply with all safety and health regulations. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) oversees food safety standards, which can include the production and sale of mushroom grow kits. More details are available on the CFIA website.


In summary, mushroom grow kits designed to cultivate legal, non-psychoactive mushrooms are fully legal in Canada. Enthusiasts can enjoy growing various types of edible and medicinal mushrooms without any legal concerns. However, the cultivation of psilocybin mushrooms remains illegal unless specifically authorized by Health Canada. Always ensure compliance with Canadian laws and regulations when purchasing and using mushroom grow kits.

Back to blog

Leave a comment

Please note, comments need to be approved before they are published.